Director's Report
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Bajaj Finance LtdIndustry : Finance & Investments
BSE Code:500034
ISIN Demat:INE296A01024
Book Value(Rs):300.48
NSE Symbol:BAJFINANCE
Div & Yield %:0.17
Market Cap (Rs Cr.):137614.27
P/E(TTM):42.16
EPS(TTM):56.47
Face Value(Rs):2
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The directors present their thirty-first Annual Report and the standalone and consolidated audited financial statements for FY2018.

Financial results

The highlights of the standalone financial results are as under:

(Rs. In Crore)
Particulars FY2018 FY2017 % change over FY2017
Total income 13,329 9,989 33
Interest and finance charges 4,585 3,803 21
Net interest income 8,744 6,186 41
Operating expenses 3,618 2,536 43
CSR expenditure 40 28 43
Pre-provisioning operating profit 5,086 3,622 40
Loan losses and provisions 1,030 804 28
Profit before tax 4,056 2,818 44
Profit after tax 2,647 1,837 44
Balance brought forward from previous year 3,692 2,411
Profit available for appropriations 6,339 4,247
Appropriations
Transfer to Reserve Fund u/s 45-IC(1) of the RBI Act, 1934 (530) (368)
Transfer to General Reserve (184)
Transfer to Infrastructure Reserve (3)
Dividend paid (198)
Tax on dividend (40)
Adjustment of dividend to ESOP Trust 1
Balance carried to Balance Sheet 5,571 3,692

Due to rounding off, numbers presented in above table may not add up precisely to the totals provided.

A summary of consolidated financial performance for FY2018 consolidating the results of wholly owned subsidiary, Bajaj Housing Finance Ltd. (BHFL) along with its subsidiary Bajaj Financial

Securities Ltd. (BFinsec) is given below:
(Rs. In Crore)
Particulars FY2018 FY2017
Total income 13,466 9,992
Interest and finance charges 4,635 3,804
Net interest income 8,831 6,188
Operating expenses 3,690 2,567
Loan losses and provisions 1,045 804
Profit before tax 4,096 2,817
Profit after tax 2,674 1,836

Performance and financial position of subsidiaries

During FY2018, BHFL commenced operations and all incremental home loans-cum-mortgage business was done through BHFL. There were no major business operations in BFinsec. The Profit after tax for FY2018 of BHFL was H 22.31 crore as against H 0.12 crore for FY2017 and of BFinsec was H 7.06 crore as against H 0.48 crore for FY2017.

Dividend

The directors recommend for consideration of the members at the ensuing annual general meeting, payment of dividend of H 4 per equity share (200%) of face value of H 2 for FY2018. The amount of dividend and tax thereon aggregate to H 278.71 crore.

Dividend paid for FY2017 was H 3.60 per equity share (180%) of face value of H 2. The amount of dividend and tax thereon aggregated to H 238.26 crore.

Capital infusion

During FY2018, pursuant to provisions of the SEBI (Issue of Capital and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009, the Companies Act, 2013 and the approval of members and of the Board of Directors, the Company made Qualified Institutions Placement of 26,627,218 equity shares of face value of H 2 at a price of H 1,690 per equity share (inclusive of premium of H 1,688 per equity share) to Qualified Institutional Buyers aggregating to approximately H 4,500 crore.

Share capital

During FY2018, the Company allotted equity shares of face value of H 2 as follows:

a) 26,627,218 equity shares to Qualified Institutional Buyers under Qualified Institutions Placement.

b) 1,451,080 equity shares, at the applicable grant prices, to the Trustees of BFL Employee Welfare Trust under the Employee Stock Option Scheme, 2009.

As on 31 March 2018, paid–up share capital of the Company stood at H 1,155,936,776 consisting of 577,968,388 equity shares of face value of H 2 fully paid–up.

Increase in borrowing powers

During FY2018, pursuant to section 180(1)(c) of the Companies Act, 2013, the Company increased the limit on the borrowing powers of the Board of Directors from H 75,000 crore to H 100,000 crore, to meet its growing business needs.

Working results

The Assets Under Management (AUM) as on 31 March 2018 were H 80,444 crore as compared to H 60,196 crore as on 31 March 2017, an increase of 34% over the previous year. The consolidated AUM as on 31 March 2018 stood at H 84,033 crore, an increase of 40% over the previous year.

The receivables under financing activity as on 31 March 2018 were H 77,125 crore as compared to H 56,834 crore as on 31 March 2017, an increase of 36% over the previous year. The consolidated receivables under financing activity as on 31 March 2018 stood at H 80,714 crore, an increase of 42% over the previous year.

Total income during FY2018 increased to H 13,329 crore from H 9,989 crore during FY2017, an increase of 33% over the previous year.

The profit before tax for FY2018 was H 4,056 crore, as against H 2,818 crore for FY2017, an increase of 44% over the previous year. The profit after tax for FY2018 was H 2,647 crore as compared to H 1,837 crore for FY2017, an increase of 44% over the previous year. This has been due to the Company's healthy net interest margin, operating efficiencies and prudent risk management.

The Company had an excellent year aided by strong volume growth across all its lines of businesses. During FY2018, the Company launched various new products and variants to strengthen its business model and continue its growth momentum.

The Company's current provisioning standards are more stringent than RBI prudential norms. In line with its conservative approach, the Company continues to strengthen its provisioning norms beyond the RBI regulations by accelerating the provisioning to an early stage of delinquencies based on the past experience and emerging trends.

The Company's loan losses and provisions increased from H 804 crore in FY2017 to H 1,030 crore in FY2018 taking into account the increased business. The Company ended FY2018 with a net NPA of 0.38%.

Operations

Detailed information on the operations of the different products of the Company and details on the state of affairs of the Company are covered in the ‘Management Discussion and Analysis'.

Extract of annual return

The extract of annual return as provided under section 92(3) the Companies Act, 2013, in the prescribed Form MGT–9 is annexed to this Report.

Number of meetings of the Board

Eight meetings of the Board were held during FY2018, as per details given in the annexed ‘Corporate Governance Report'.

Directors' responsibility statement

In compliance of section 134(5) of the Companies Act, 2013, the directors state that: l in the preparation of the annual accounts, the applicable accounting standards have been followed along with proper explanation relating to material departures; l the directors have selected such accounting policies and applied them consistently and made judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company at the end of the financial year and of the profit of the Company for that period; l the directors have taken proper and sufficient care for the maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 for safeguarding the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting fraud and other irregularities; l the directors have prepared the annual accounts on a going concern basis; l the directors have laid down internal financial controls to be followed by the Company and that such internal financial controls are adequate and are operating effectively; and l the directors have devised proper systems to ensure compliance with the provisions of all applicable laws and that such systems are adequate and are operating effectively.

Declaration by independent directors

The independent directors have submitted the declaration of independence, as required under section 149(7) of the Companies Act, 2013, stating that they meet the criteria of independence as provided in section 149(6) of the Companies Act, 2013 and SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 (‘the Listing Regulations').

Policy on directors' appointment and remuneration

The policy on directors' appointment and remuneration is given in the annexed ‘Corporate Governance Report'.

Particulars of loans, guarantees and investments

The Company, being a non-banking finance company registered with the RBI and engaged in the business of giving loans, is exempt from complying with the provisions of section 186 of the Companies Act, 2013 in respect of loans and guarantees. Accordingly, the disclosures of the loans given as required under the aforesaid section have not been made in this Report.

During FY2018, the Company made following significant strategic investments:

• One MobiKwik Systems Pvt. Ltd. (MobiKwik) - approximately H 225 crore by subscribing to the equity shares and Series D cumulative compulsorily convertible preference shares.

• Bajaj Housing Finance Ltd. (a wholly owned subsidiary) - an amount of H 1,200 crore by subscribing to 1,200,000,000 equity shares of the face value of H 10 on rights basis.

Information regarding investments covered under the provisions of section 186 of the Companies Act, 2013, is detailed in the financial statements.

Related party transactions

During FY2018, transactions with related parties were entered with the approval of the Audit Committee pursuant to provisions of Companies Act, 2013 and the Listing Regulations. The details of such transactions were placed before the Audit Committee for noting/review.

All related party transactions entered into during FY2018 were on an arm's length basis and in the ordinary course of business under the Companies Act, 2013 and not material under the Listing Regulations and hence did not require members' prior approval under the Companies Act, 2013 and the Listing Regulations. During FY2018, there were no related party transactions requiring disclosure under section 134 of the Companies Act, 2013.

A policy on materiality of related party transactions and dealing with related party transactions is placed on the Company's website https://www.bajajfinserv.in/finance-investor-relations-policies-and-documents and is also included in this Annual Report.

Material changes and commitments

There have been no material changes and commitments, affecting the financial position of the Company, which have occurred between the end of the financial year of the Company and the date of this Report.

Conservation of energy

The Company has taken, inter alia, following measures to reduce energy consumption:

• switched from conventional lighting systems to LED lights at most of the branches in metro areas.

• selecting and designing offices to facilitate maximum natural light utilisation.

Technology absorption

The details pertaining to technology absorption have been explained in the annexed ‘Management Discussion and Analysis'.

Foreign exchange earnings and outgo

During FY2018, the Company did not have any foreign exchange earnings and, foreign exchange outgo amounted to H 31.54 crore (FY2017 H 17.56 crore).

Risk management

The Board of Directors has adopted a risk management policy for the Company which provides for identification, assessment and control of risks which in the opinion of the Board may threaten the existence of the Company. The Management identifies and controls risks through a properly defined framework in terms of the aforesaid policy.

Corporate social responsibility

During FY2018, the Company spent H 39.56 crore on corporate social responsibility (CSR). Detailed information report on the CSR policy and the CSR initiatives taken during FY2018 is given in the annexed ‘Annual Report on CSR activities'.

Formal annual evaluation

Information on the manner in which formal annual evaluation has been made by the Board of its own performance and that of its Committees, Chairperson and individual directors is given in the annexed 'Corporate Governance Report'.

Directors and key managerial personnel (KMP)

According to the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, Rajeev Jain (DIN 01550158), Managing Director, retires from the Board by rotation this year and, being eligible, has offered his candidature for re–appointment.

Brief details of Rajeev Jain, Managing Director, who is seeking re–appointment are given in the notice of annual general meeting.

There was no change in the directors and KMP during the FY2018.

Significant and material orders

During FY2018, no significant and material orders were passed by any regulator or court or tribunal impacting the going concern status and Company's operations in future.

Adequacy of internal financial controls

The Company has documented its internal financial controls considering the essential components of various critical processes, physical and operational which include its design, implementation and maintenance along with periodical internal review of operational effectiveness and sustenance.

This ensures orderly and efficient conduct of its business, including adherence to Company's policies, safeguarding of its assets, prevention of errors, accuracy and completeness of the accounting records and the timely preparation of reliable financial information.

The internal financial controls with reference to the financial statements were adequate and operating effectively.

Employee stock option scheme

During FY2018, there has been no change in the Employee Stock Option Scheme, 2009 (‘the ESOP scheme') of the Company. The ESOP Scheme is in compliance with the SEBI (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014 (‘the SBEB Regulations').

Disclosures pertaining to the ESOP Scheme pursuant to the SBEB Regulations are placed on the Company's website https://www.bajajfinserv.in/finance-investor-relation-annual-reports Grant wise details of options vested, exercised and cancelled are provided in the notes to the standalone financial statements.

Deposits

During FY2018, the Company accepted fixed deposits (FDs) of H 3,662.23 crore. FDs outstanding at the year end were H 5,705.02 crore. As on 31 March 2018, there were six FDs amounting to H 4.44 lakh which had matured and remained unclaimed.

Pursuant to provisions of the RBI Act, 1934, the Company has created a charge on statutory liquid assets amounting to H 612.67 crore in favour of the trustee for FD holders.

During FY2018, the Company accepted inter corporate deposits (ICDs) of H 2,377.33 crore. ICDs outstanding as on 31 March 2018 were H 1,863.98 crore.

Overall deposits outstanding as on 31 March 2018 were H 7,569 crore.

During FY2018, there was no default in repayment of deposits or payment of interest thereon.

Credit rating

During FY2018, the Company retained or upgraded its credit ratings owing to high capital adequacy, strong promoter support, tightened credit acceptance criteria and robust asset liability management. During FY2018, the Company has been upgraded from "ICRA AA+(Positive)" to "ICRA AAA (Stable)" for its long term debt programme from ICRA Ratings.

The Company enjoys the following ratings from various credit rating agencies.

Long term debt rating

l "CRISIL AAA/Stable" for its long term borrowing programme, which comprises of H 22,052.80 crore for the non-convertible debenture (NCD) programme, H 3,300 crore for the lower tier II bond/subordinate debt programme, H 21,000 crore for its bank loan rating programme and "FAAA/Stable" for the fixed deposit programme. l "ICRA AAA(Stable)" for its long term borrowing programme, which comprises of H 3,238 crore for the NCD programme and H 1,700 crore for the lower tier II bond/subordinate debt programme and "MAAA(Stable)" for the fixed deposit programme. l "IND AAA/Stable" for its long term borrowing programme, which comprises of H 10,000 crore for the NCD programme, H 2,000 crore for the subordinate debt programme and H 30,000 crore for its bank loan rating programme. l "CARE AAA/Stable" for its long term borrowing programme, which comprises of H 1,545 crore for the NCD programme, H 3,455 crore for the subordinate debt programme.

Short term debt rating

• "CRISIL A1+" for its short-term debt programme with a programme size of H 15,000 crore

• "CRISIL A1+" for its short-term bank loan facilities

• "ICRA A1+" for its short-term debt programme with a programme size of H 15,000 crore

• "IND A1+" for its short-term bank loan facilities

All of the above ratings indicate a high degree of safety with regard to timely payment of interest and principal.

RBI guidelines

The Company continues to fulfill all the norms and standards laid down by the RBI pertaining to non–performing assets, capital adequacy, statutory liquidity assets, etc. As against the RBI norm of 15%, the capital adequacy ratio of the Company was 24.71% as on 31 March 2018. In line with the RBI guidelines for asset liability management (ALM) system for NBFCs, the Company has an Asset Liability Committee which meets monthly to review its ALM risks and opportunities.

The Company is also in compliance with the NBFC – Corporate Governance (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2015.

Policy on dividend distribution

The policy on dividend distribution is given in the annexed ‘Corporate Governance Report'.

Presentation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company for the year ended 31 March 2018 have been disclosed as per schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013.

Consolidated financial statements

The directors also present the audited consolidated financial statements, incorporating the duly audited financial statements of the subsidiaries, prepared in compliance with the Companies Act, 2013, Accounting Standard-21 and the Listing Regulations.

A separate statement containing the salient features of its subsidiaries in the prescribed Form AOC–1 is attached to the standalone financial statements.

Statutory disclosures

• A summary of the key financials of the Company's subsidiaries is included in this Annual Report. A copy of audited financial statements for each of the subsidiary companies will be made available to the members of the Company, seeking such information at any point of time.

• The audited financial statements for each of the subsidiary companies will be made available for inspection by any member of the Company at its registered office during 10.00 a.m. to 12 noon.

• The financial results are placed on the Company's website https://www.bajajfinserv.in/ finance-investor-relations-financial-information

• Details as required under the provisions of section 197(12) of the Companies Act, 2013 read with rule 5(1) of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, as amended, are annexed to this Report.

• Details as required under the provisions of section 197(12) of the Companies Act, 2013 read with rule 5(2) and 5(3) of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, as amended, which form part of the Directors' Report, will be made available to any member on request, as per provisions of section 136(1) of the said Act.

• The directors' responsibility statement as required by section 134(5) of the Companies Act, 2013, appears in a preceding paragraph.

• Pursuant to the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, no fraud was reported by auditors of the Company to the Audit Committee during FY2018.

• Disclosures as prescribed by Non–Banking Financial (Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2007 and other NBFC regulations have been made in this Annual Report.

• Pursuant to RBI Master Direction-Information Technology Framework for the NBFC sector, the Company has constituted an IT Strategy Committee to review the IT strategies in line with the corporate strategies, board policy reviews, cyber security arrangements and any other matter related to IT governance.

• Cash Flow Statement for FY2018 is attached to the Balance Sheet.

• The Company has a policy on prevention of sexual harassment at the workplace. No case of sexual harassment was reported during FY2018.

Inclusion in NIFTY 50 Index

With effect from 29 September 2017, the Company has been included in the NIFTY 50 Index of National Stock Exchange of India Ltd.

Mint Corporate Strategy Award - ‘Shaping' category

During FY2018, BFL has been conferred the prestigious Mint Corporate Strategy Award - ‘Shaping' category in recognition of excellence in corporate governance.

The nominated firms are evaluated for one of the four strategic environments, namely – Classic, Adaptive, Shaping and Renewal. The parameters of evaluation were Gross sales (CAGR), Profit margin (%), Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) (%), Debt Equity Ratio (D/E) and Soft score.

Corporate governance

Pursuant to the Listing Regulations, a separate section titled ‘Corporate Governance' has been included in this Annual Report, along with the Reports on ‘Management Discussion and Analysis' and ‘General Shareholder Information'.

All Board members and Senior Management personnel have affirmed compliance with the code of conduct for FY2018. A declaration to this effect signed by the Managing Director of the Company is included in this Annual Report.

The Managing Director and Chief Financial Officer have certified to the Board with regard to the financial statements and other matters as specified in the Listing Regulations.

A certificate from auditors of the Company regarding compliance of conditions of corporate governance is annexed to this Report.

Business responsibility report

Pursuant to the provisions of the Listing Regulations, the Company is required to give Business Responsibility Report (‘BRR') in the Annual Report.

As a green initiative, the BRR for FY2018 has been placed on the Company's website https://www.bajajfinserv.in/finance-investor-relation-annual-reports A physical copy of the BRR will be made available to any members on request.

Secretarial standards of ICSI

Pursuant to the approval from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) has, on 14 June 2017, revised the Secretarial Standards on Meetings of the Board of Directors (SS–1) and General Meetings (SS–2) effective from 1 October 2017. The Company is compliant with the same.

Auditors

Pursuant to the provisions of section 139 of the Companies Act, 2013, S R B C & CO LLP, Chartered Accountants, were appointed as statutory auditors of the Company at the 30th annual general meeting (AGM) of the Company for a period from the conclusion of the said AGM till the conclusion of the 35th AGM subject to ratification of their appointment by the members at every AGM held thereafter.

MCA vide its notification dated 7 May 2018, has brought into effect certain provisions of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2017, thereby amending provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, including section 139 of the Act, whereby the requirement of ratification of appointment of statutory auditors at every subsequent AGM has been done away with.

However, pursuant to the provisions of Companies Act, 2013, a resolution to delegate the authority to the Board of Directors to fix the remuneration of statutory auditors of the Company for the years 2018-19 onwards is proposed in the notice of the ensuing AGM for the approval of the members.

The Audit Report submitted by S R B C & CO LLP, for FY2018 does not contain any qualification, reservation or adverse remark or disclaimer.

Secretarial auditor

Pursuant to the provisions of section 204 of the Companies Act, 2013, the Board has re-appointed Shyamprasad D Limaye, company secretary in practice (FCS No. 1587, CP No. 572), to undertake secretarial audit of the Company.

A report from the secretarial auditor in the prescribed Form MR-3 is annexed to this Report. The same does not contain any qualification, reservation or adverse remark or disclaimer.

Acknowledgement

The Board of Directors takes this opportunity to express its sincere appreciation for the support and co–operation from its members, RBI and other regulators, banks, financial institutions and the trustees for debenture holders and FD holders.

The Board of Directors also places on record its sincere appreciation of the commitment and hard work put in by the Management and the employees of the Company and thanks them for yet another excellent year.

On behalf of the Board of Directors

Rahul Bajaj

Chairman

Pune: 17 May 2018

   

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