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Director's Report
Home >> Markets >> Corporate Information >> Director's Report
Tata Consultancy Services LtdIndustry : Computers - Software - Large
BSE Code:532540
ISIN Demat:INE467B01029
Book Value(Rs):195.84
NSE Symbol:TCS
Div & Yield %:0.89
Market Cap (Rs Cr.):757587.71
Face Value(Rs):1
  Change Company 

To the Members,

The Directors present the Annual Report of Tata Consultancy Services Limited (the Company or TCS) along with the audited financial statements for the financial year ended March 31, 2019. The consolidated performance of the Company and its subsidiaries has been referred to wherever required.

1. Financial results

(' crore)



Financial Year 2018-19 (FY 2019) Financial Year 2017-18 (FY 2018) Financial Year 2018-19 (FY 2019) Financial Year 2017-18 (FY 2018)
Revenue 123,170 97,356 146,463 123,104
Other income 7,627 5,803 4,311 3,642
Total income 130,797 103,159 150,774 126,746
Operating expenditure 88,206 69,551 106,957 90,588
Depreciation and amortization expense 1,716 1,647 2,056 2,014
Total expenses 89,922 71,198 109,013 92,602
Profit before finance cost and tax 40,875 31,961 41,761 34,144
Finance costs 170 30 198 52
Profit before tax (PBT) 40,705 31,931 41,563 34,092
Tax expense 10,640 6,690 10,001 8,212
Profit for the year 30,065 25,241 31,562 25,880
Attributable to:
Shareholders of the Company 30,065 25,241 31,472 25,826
Non-controlling interests NA NA 90 54
Opening balance of retained earnings 74,080 65,965 79,755 71,071
Profit for the year 30,065 25,241 31,472 25,826
Other comprehensive income / (losses) (14) 86 (41) 102
Total comprehensive income 30,051 25,327 31,431 25,928
Dividend (including tax on dividend) (11,424) (10,726) (11,424) (10,726)
Buy-back of equity shares (16,000) (4,963) (16,000) (4,963)
Expenses for buy-back of equity shares (45) (42) (45) (42)
Issue of bonus shares (86) - (86) -
Realized loss on equity shares carried at fair value through OCI (1) - (1) -
Transfer to Special Economic Zone re-investment reserve (2,750) (1,579) (2,750) (1,579)
Transfer from Special Economic Zone re-investment reserve 3,334 98 3,334 98
Transfer to reserves - - 1,306 (32)
Closing balance of retained earnings 77,159 74,080 85,520 79,755

2. Issue of Bonus Shares

The Company allotted 1,914,287,591 equity shares as fully paid-up bonus shares in the ratio of 1:1 (one equity share for every one existing equity share held on the record date) to its shareholders on June 3, 2018, pursuant to a resolution passed by the shareholders on May 26, 2018 by postal ballot.

3. Buy-back of Equity Shares

In line with the practice of returning 80 to 100 percent free cash flow to shareholders, the Company completed its second buy-back of 76,190,476 equity shares at a price of '2,100 per equity share for an aggregate consideration of '16,000 crore. The offer size of the buy-back was 21.54 percent of the aggregate paid-up equity share capital and free reserves of the Company and represented 1.99 percent of the total issued and paid-up equity share capital of the Company. The buy-back process was completed and the shares were extinguished on September 26, 2018. The Company's first buy-back was completed in FY 2018.

4. Dividend

Based on the Company's performance, the Directors have recommended a final dividend of '18 per equity share for FY 2019 taking the total dividend to '30 per share. The total dividend paid for FY 2018 was '25 per share (adjusted for bonus issued in FY 2019). The final dividend on equity shares, if approved by the members, would involve a cash outflow of '8,142 crore, including dividend tax. The total dividend on equity shares including dividend tax for FY 2019 would aggregate '13,148 crore, resulting in a payout of 43.7 percent of the unconsolidated profits of the Company.

5. Transfer to reserves

The closing balance of the retained earnings of the Company for FY 2019, after all appropriation and adjustments was '77,159 crore.

6. Company's performance

On a consolidated basis, the revenue for FY 2019 was '146,463 crore, higher by 19.0 percent over the previous year's revenue of '123,104 crore. The profit after tax (PAT) attributable to shareholders and non-controlling interests for FY 2019 and FY 2018 was '31,562 crore and '25,880 crore respectively. The PAT attributable to shareholders for FY 2019 was '31,472 crore registering a growth of 21.9 percent over the PAT of '25,826 crore for FY 2018.

On an unconsolidated basis, the revenue for FY 2019 was '123,170 crore, higher by 26.5 percent over the previous year's revenue of '97,356 crore in FY 2018. The PAT attributable to shareholders for FY 2019 was '30,065 crore registering a growth of 19.1 percent over the PAT of '25,241 crore for FY 2018.

7. Human resource development

Your Company continued to focus on attracting new talent while investing in organic talent development to help employees acquire new skills, explore new roles and realize their potential.

The reimagined approach to learning and development has helped the Company train over 311,000 employees on digital technologies and over 348,000 employees on Agile methodologies.

The Company had a net addition of 29,287 employees globally, taking its total employee count to 424,285. Women make up 35.9 percent of the workforce, making your Company one of the largest employers of women in the world. A strong localization focus resulted in on-boarding of an all-time high number of local employees across all major markets in FY 2019. The diverse workforce now has 147 nationalities.

Progressive HR policies and ongoing employee engagement initiatives, guided by our OneTCS culture, have made your Company an industry benchmark for talent retention. Attrition in FY 2019 was 11.3 percent for IT Services. The Company's internal employee satisfaction survey PULSE showed the highest employee satisfaction and engagement scores in the last 10 years.

This year, the Company democratized campus hiring with an all India TCS National Qualifier Test administered using the TCS iON Assessment Platform. This was open to any student across India who aspired to join TCS. The test saw participation by 280,000 students from 1,800 colleges.

8. Quality initiatives

The Company continues to sustain its commitment to the highest levels of quality, superior service management, robust information security practices and mature business continuity management. In FY 2019, the Company successfully completed the annual ISO surveillance audit and retained the enterprise-wide ISO certification for ISO 9001:2015, ISO 20000:2011, ISO 27001:2013 and ISO 22301:2012 standards. The Company successfully completed the compliance

check for ISO 27017:2015 / 27018:2014 (Security controls for cloud services) standards. The Company continues to maintain the industry specific quality certifications - AS 9100 (Aerospace Industry), ISO 13485 (Medical Devices) and TL 9000 (Telecom Industry). The Company successfully completed the enterprise-wide surveillance assessment for ISO 30105:2016 (ITES/BPS Life cycle process requirements for Service Providers), enterprise-wide annual SSAE 18 (Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements) and ISAE 3402 - SOC 1 and SOC 2 assessment for Business Process Services.

The Company successfully completed Maturity Level 3 of the Automotive SPICE V3.1 (Automotive Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination) assessment for automotive domain projects for Engineering Services.

TCS' integrated Quality Management System (iQMSTM) continues to enable outstanding value and experience to our customers. iQMS™ is continually enhanced for emerging service offerings, new delivery methodologies, industry best practices and latest technologies. iQMSTM has been updated to conform to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) requirements.

Our customer-centricity, rigor in operations, and focus on delivery excellence have resulted in consistent improvements in customer satisfaction levels in the periodic surveys conducted by the Company. This is validated by top rankings in third-party surveys as well.

9. Subsidiary companies

The Company has 50 subsidiaries as on March 31, 2019. There are no associates or joint venture companies within the meaning of Section 2(6) of the Companies Act, 2013 ("Act"). There has been no material change in the nature of the business of the subsidiaries.

On October 31, 2018, the Company acquired 100% stake in W12 Studios Limited, an UK based company. W12 Studios brings with it an award-winning digital design studio based in London.

Further, CMC eBiz, Inc., a subsidiary of CMC Americas, Inc., a US based subsidiary of the Company was voluntarily dissolved with effect from June 19, 2018. There were no employees or business operations in the dissolved subsidiary.

Pursuant to the provisions of Section 129(3) of the Act, a statement containing the salient features of financial statements of the Company's subsidiaries in Form AOC-1 is attached to the financial statements of the Company.

Further, pursuant to the provisions of Section 136 of the Act, the financial statements of the Company, consolidated financial statements along with relevant documents and separate audited financial statements in respect of subsidiaries, are available on the website of the Company

10. Directors' responsibility statement

Pursuant to Section 134(5) of the Act, the Board of Directors, to the best of its knowledge and ability, confirm that:

i. in the preparation of the annual accounts, the applicable accounting standards have been followed and there are no material departures;

ii. they have selected such accounting policies and applied them consistently and made judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Company at the end of the financial year and of the profit of the Company for that period;

iii. they have taken proper and sufficient care for the maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting fraud and other irregularities;

iv. they have prepared the annual accounts on a going concern basis;

v. they have laid down internal financial controls to be followed by the Company and such internal financial controls are adequate and operating effectively;

vi. they have devised proper systems to ensure compliance with the provisions of all applicable laws and that such systems are adequate and operating effectively.

Based on the framework of internal financial controls and compliance systems established and maintained by the Company, the work performed by the internal, statutory and secretarial auditors and external consultants, including the audit of internal financial controls over financial reporting by the statutory auditors and the reviews performed by management and the relevant board committees, including the audit committee, the Board is of the opinion that the Company's internal financial controls were adequate and effective during FY 2019.

11. Directors and key managerial personnel

Hanne Sorensen and Keki Mistry were appointed as additional and independent directors with effect from December 18, 2018. Don Callahan was appointed as additional and independent director with effect from January 10, 2019. A resolution seeking shareholders' approval for their appointment forms a part of the Notice.

N Ganapathy Subramaniam retires by rotation and being eligible, offers himself for re-appointment. A resolution seeking shareholders' approval for his re-appointment forms part of the Notice.

O P Bhatt was appointed as an independent director at the nineteenth Annual General Meeting (AGM) held on June 27, 2014 for a period of five years. Based on the recommendation of the Nomination and Remuneration Committee, his re-appointment for a second term of five years is proposed at the ensuing AGM for the approval of the Members by way of special resolution.

During the year, V Thyagarajan relinquished the position of independent director with effect from July 10, 2018 as part of the Board succession planning. Prof Clayton M Christensen relinquished the position of independent director with effect from September 28, 2018 due to personal reasons. Aman Mehta and Dr Ron Sommer were appointed as independent directors at the nineteenth AGM of the Company held on June 27, 2014 for the period of five years and are holding office till June 26, 2019. The Board places on record its appreciation for their invaluable contribution and guidance.

Pursuant to the provisions of Section 149 of the Act, the independent directors have submitted declarations that each of them meet the criteria of independence as provided in Section 149(6) of the Act along with Rules framed thereunder and Regulation 16(1)(b) of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 ("SEBI Listing Regulations"). There has been no change in the circumstances affecting their status as independent directors of the Company.

During the year under review, the non-executive directors of the Company had no pecuniary relationship or transactions with the Company, other than sitting fees, commission and reimbursement of expenses incurred by them for the purpose of attending meetings of the Board/Committee of the Company.

Pursuant to the provisions of Section 203 of the Act, the Key Managerial Personnel of the Company as on March 31, 2019 are: Rajesh Gopinathan, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director, N Ganapathy Subramaniam, Chief Operating Officer and Executive Director, Ramakrishnan V, Chief Financial Officer and Rajendra Moholkar, Company Secretary.

12. Number of meetings of the Board

Six meetings of the Board were held during the year under review. For details of meetings of the Board, please refer to the Corporate Governance Report, which is a part of this report.

13. Board evaluation

The Board of Directors has carried out an annual evaluation of its own performance, board committees, and individual directors pursuant to the provisions of the Act and SEBI Listing Regulations.

The performance of the board was evaluated by the board after seeking inputs from all the directors on the basis of criteria such as the board composition and structure, effectiveness of board processes, information and functioning, etc.

The performance of the committees was evaluated by the board after seeking inputs from the committee members on the basis of criteria such as the composition of committees, effectiveness of committee meetings, etc.

The above criteria are based on the Guidance Note on Board Evaluation issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India on January 5, 2017

In a separate meeting of independent directors, performance of non-independent directors, the board as a whole and the Chairman of the Company was evaluated, taking into account the views of executive directors and non executive directors.

The Board and the Nomination and Remuneration Committee reviewed the performance of individual directors on the basis of criteria such as the contribution of the individual director to the board and committee meetings like preparedness on the issues to be discussed, meaningful and constructive contribution and inputs in meetings, etc.

In the board meeting that followed the meeting of the independent directors and meeting of Nomination and Remuneration Committee, the performance of the board, its committees, and individual directors was also discussed. Performance evaluation of independent directors was done by the entire board, excluding the independent director being evaluated.

14. Policy on directors' appointment and remuneration and other details

The Company's policy on directors' appointment and remuneration and other matters provided in Section 178(3) of the Act has been disclosed in the Corporate Governance Report, which is a part of this report and is also available on https://www.tcs.com .

15. Internal financial control systems and their adequacy

The details in respect of internal financial control and their adequacy are included in the Management Discussion and Analysis, which is a part of this report.

16. Audit committee

The details pertaining to the composition of the audit committee are included in the Corporate Governance Report, which is a part of this report.

17. Auditors

At the twenty-second AGM held on June 16, 2017 the Members approved appointment of B S R & Co. LLP, Chartered Accountants (Firm Registration No. 101248W/W-100022) as Statutory Auditors of the Company to hold office for a period of five years from the conclusion of that AGM till the conclusion of the twenty-seventh AGM, subject to ratification of their appointment by Members at every AGM, if so required under the Act. The requirement to place the matter relating to appointment of auditors for ratification by Members at every AGM has been done away by the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2017 with effect from May 7, 2018. Accordingly, no resolution is being proposed for ratification of appointment of statutory auditors at the ensuing AGM and a note in respect of same has been included in the Notice for this AGM.

18. Auditor's report and secretarial audit report

The statutory auditor's report and the secretarial audit report do not contain any qualifications, reservations, or adverse remarks or disclaimer. Secretarial audit report is attached to this report.

19. Risk management

The Board of Directors of the Company has formed a Risk Management Committee to frame, implement and monitor the risk management plan for the Company. The Committee is responsible for monitoring and reviewing the risk management plan and ensuring its effectiveness. The Audit Committee has additional oversight in the area of financial risks and controls. The major risks identified by the businesses and functions are systematically addressed through mitigating actions on a continuing basis. The development and implementation of risk management policy has been covered in the Management Discussion and Analysis, which forms part of this report.

20. Particulars of loans, guarantees and investments

The particulars of loans, guarantees and investments have been disclosed in the financial statements.

21. Transactions with related parties

None of the transactions with related parties falls under the scope of Section 188(1) of the Act. The information on transactions with related parties pursuant to Section 134(3)(h) of the Act read with Rule 8(2) of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 are given in Annexure I in Form No. AOC-2 and the same forms part of this report.

22. Corporate Social Responsibility

The brief outline of the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy of the Company and the initiatives undertaken by the Company on CSR activities during the year under review are set out in Annexure II of this report in the format prescribed in the Companies (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy) Rules, 2014. For other details regarding the CSR Committee, please refer to the Corporate Governance Report, which is a part of this report. The CSR policy is available on https://on.tcs.com/Global-CSR-Policy .

23. Extract of annual return

As per the requirements of Section 92(3) of the Act and Rules framed thereunder, the extract of the annual return for FY 2019 is given in Annexure III in the prescribed Form No. MGT-9, which is a part of this report. The same is available on https://on.tcs.com/annual-return-18-19 .

24. Particulars of employees

The information required under Section 197 of the Act read with Rule 5 of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, are given below:

a. The ratio of the remuneration of each director to the median remuneration of the employees of the Company and percentage increase in remuneration of each Director, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Company Secretary in the financial year:

Name Ratio to median remuneration % increase in remuneration in the financial year
Non-executive directors
N Chandrasekaran@ - -
Aman Mehta 51.55 5.00
V Thyagarajan* A A
Prof Clayton M Christensen** A A
Dr Ron Sommer 36.00 4.76
O P Bhatt 35.18 7.50
Aarthi Subramanian@@ - -
Dr Pradeep Kumar Khosla 24.55 AA
Hanne Sorensen***


Keki Mistry***


Don Callahan****


Executive directors
Rajesh Gopinathan 262.30 28.31
N Ganapathy Subramaniam 190.01 24.88
Chief Financial Officer
Ramakrishnan V - 22.58
Company Secretary
Rajendra Moholkar - 18.23

@ As a policy, N Chandrasekaran, Chairman, has abstained from receiving commission from the Company and hence not stated.

@@ In line with the internal guidelines of the Company, no payment is made towards commission to the Non-Executive Directors of the Company, who are in full time employment with any other Tata company and hence not stated.

* Relinquished the position of Independent Director w.e.f. July 10, 2018.

** Relinquished the position of Independent Director w.e.f. September 28, 2018.

*** Appointed as an Additional and Independent Director w.e.f. December 18, 2018.

**** Appointed as an Additional and Independent Director w.e.f. January 10, 2019.

 A Since the remuneration is only for part of the year, the ratio of their remuneration to median remuneration

and percentage increase in remuneration is not comparable and hence, not stated.

aa Remuneration received in FY 2019 is not comparable with remuneration received in FY 2018 and hence, not stated.

b. The percentage increase in the median remuneration of employees in the financial year: 3.70 percent

c. The number of permanent employees on the rolls of Company: 424,285

d. Average percentile increase already made in the salaries of employees other than the managerial personnel in the last financial year and its comparison with the percentile increase in the managerial remuneration and justification thereof and point out if there are any exceptional circumstances for increase in the managerial remuneration:

The average annual increase was 6 percent in India. However, during the course of the year, the total increase is approximately 7.2 percent, after accounting for promotions and other event based compensation revisions. Employees outside India received a wage increase varying from 2 percent to 5 percent. The increase in remuneration is in line with the market trends in the respective countries.

Increase in the managerial remuneration for the year was 14.66 percent.

e. Affirmation that the remuneration is as per the remuneration policy of the Company:

The Company affirms that the remuneration is as per the remuneration policy of the Company.

f. The statement containing names of top ten employees in terms of remuneration drawn and the particulars of employees as required under Section 197(12) of the Act read with Rule 5(2) and 5(3) of the Companies (Appointment and Remuneration of Managerial Personnel) Rules, 2014, is provided in a separate annexure forming part of this report. Further, the report and the accounts are being sent to the Members excluding the aforesaid annexure. In terms of Section 136 of the Act, the said annexure is open for inspection at the Registered Office of the Company. Any Member interested in obtaining a copy of the same may write to the Company Secretary.

25. Disclosure requirements

As per SEBI Listing Regulations, the Corporate Governance Report with the Auditors' Certificate thereon, and the Management Discussion and Analysis are attached, which forms part of this report.

As per Regulation 34 of the SEBI Listing Regulations, a Business Responsibility Report is attached and is a part of this Annual Report.

As per Regulation 43A of the SEBI Listing Regulations, the Dividend Distribution Policy is disclosed in the Corporate Governance Report and is uploaded on the Company's website

The Company has devised proper systems to ensure compliance with the provisions of all applicable Secretarial Standards issued by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India and that such systems are adequate and operating effectively.

26. Deposits from public

The Company has not accepted any deposits from public and as such, no amount on account of principal or interest on deposits from public was outstanding as on the date of the balance sheet.

27. Conservation of energy, technology absorption, foreign exchange earnings and outgo Conservation of energy:

Energy continues to be a material aspect from climate change as well as operational perspective. TCS' commitment to decouple energy and carbon footprint from business growth reflects in the reduction in specific consumption that TCS has delivered year-on-year. FY 2019 saw addition of more green buildings into office infrastructure, addition of roof top solar system in offices, optimization of IT power usage as well as higher operational efficiency augmented through machine learning based cognitive algorithms on TCS IoT platform.

The commitment towards energy was reinforced as TCS went in for Energy Management System certification as per ISO 50001:2011 for its campus at Pune (Sahayadri Park) and the same was recommended for certification. TCS is the first IT services company in India to have achieved this certification. The management system gives the tool to look at energy efficiency in a more systematic manner and helps drive continual improvement.

The TCS IoT platform has been further enhanced to acquire Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) data - indoor CO2 levels, temperature and relative humidity. This helps ensure that the IAQ parameters inside TCS facilities are maintained within acceptable limits to ensure a healthy and conducive work environment for the associates. Renewable energy used in the Company's offices increased to 10.1 percent from 8.45 percent in the last year. During the year under review, Company added 1.7 MW of rooftop solar system across four locations, with plans to add another 3 MW in the coming year. On data center power management, Company successfully reduced the Power Utilization Efficiency (PUE) of the 23 data centers to 1.67 from 1.71 in FY 2019. Data Center/server room consolidation was a key enabler towards achieving this efficiency.

These initiatives collectively resulted in the Company's specific energy consumption reducing by ~6.5 percent and specific carbon footprint reducing by ~8.1 percent, as compared to FY 2018, on a per FTE (full time equivalent) basis.

Technology absorption, adaption and innovation:

The Company continues to adopt and use the latest technologies to improve the productivity and quality of its services and products. The Company's operations do not require significant import of technology.

Research & Development (R&D): Specific areas in which R&D was carried out by the Company

TCS Research and Innovation continued its alignment to the Company's business strategy and customer expectations manifest in the Business 4.0 framework. Agility in processes and enablers for a Machine First Delivery Model have been in focus.

TCS has continued to invest in foundational research in Artificial Intelligence (AI), Deep Learning and high performance Computing Systems, to further Machine First Delivery Models. Research and innovation (R&I) programs created business impact across domains. TCS' Knowledge Extraction Framework was deployed for a large retail customer in the Middle East. The Compliance Automation was piloted for a leading European Bank. The Physical Sciences team is working closely with a mining company, providing deep insights into molecular modeling. The Data and Decision Sciences team provided an award winning solution for a CPG supply chain customer using reinforcement learning. The drone program from the incubation team had many successful client engagements. Ignio™, a cognitive platform was significantly enhanced in FY 2019. Using its Machine-First™ approach, the platform enables customers transform underlying technology operations and enhance productivity. The MasterCraft Suite sees continuing investment, and has 100+ active customers. Jile 2.0, the agile planning, delivery and transformation offering, was launched. R&I was a clear differentiator to many business opportunities in FY 2019.

R&I also provided enablers to further digitize and automate TCS' own processes. R&I provided inputs for the TCS National Qualifier Test which has opened up the TCS entry test to talented youth even in remote parts of India. Season Seven of TCS' CodeVita Contest, run on an improved coding platform, saw 210,000 participants build and submit 850,000 pieces of code.

Research, innovation, the contextual knowledge within the units, the portfolio of intellectual property help TCS gain significant market share as well as mind share. To further strengthen delivery of research, innovation, business and technology transformations in close collaboration with the customer, the Company launched TCS Pace™ as an umbrella brand, and physical spaces called TCS Pace Port™. These hubs will be flexible modular spaces, featuring innovation showcases, co-innovation network, start-up accelerators, collaborative Think Spaces, Academic Research Spaces and Agile Workspaces, designed to ignite collaborative experimentation, research and rapid product prototyping along with customers, partners and academia. The first TCS Pace Port™ was launched in Tokyo.

TCS leveraged both the Academic Research Ecosystem and the Emerging Technology ecosystem for collaborative research as part of its Co-Innovation (TCS COIN™) Program. Your Company continues to collaborate significantly with existing global academic partners and premier Indian institutes. Emerging Technology COIN continued its interactions with innovation ecosystems in Americas, Europe and Asia.

The Company continued to foster its culture of innovation, providing all employees the opportunity to innovate and receive recognition. The TCS Innovista competition attracted 3600+ entries across business units. An innovation challenge per week was held to solve customer problems with associates participating across the Company.

TCS R&I remained closely connected to customers through events in different geographies. The TCS Innovation Forum was held in New York City, Mexico City, London and Edinburgh attracting 700+ customers, partners and technology experts. TCS hosted "The TCS Slush Experience" a curated pitching session to connect to TCS customers to some breakthrough technology companies at "Slush", the biggest start-up event in Europe. TCS Innovation Days and workshops were held for customers in various geographies. Pilot and proofs of concept implementations resulted from these connects.

TCS R&I leadership continued to lead National Task Forces in areas like AI and 5G. TCS Researchers presented 200+ papers in premier conferences, have written books and book chapters through the year. The Company released a book of essays titled "Reimagining Research" describing several of its key research projects. Over a dozen researchers won best paper awards. TCS Incubation team won the 2018 NASA Space Apps Challenge.

TCS R&I solutions won a number of awards. At the 13th edition of TATA Innovista (2018) TCS won five awards across categories. TCS Research won the first place for modeling results in an (Additive Manufacture) AM-Bench 2018 Benchmark Challenge conducted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), USA. TCS Optumera™ received the Best Machine Learning/Artificial Intelligence Implementation Award at Cypher 2018 as well as the

"Best Application of AI in the Enterprise Category" award at The Alconics; Verification by Abstraction and Test Generation emerged winner in the International Competition on Software Verification 2019 held at TACAS in Prague, Czech Republic. TCS' Digital Twin Solution won the IT Innovation - Express IT Award. The TCS digital assistive solution to improve physiotherapy regimen for children with locomotor disabilities won several awards and was deployed jointly in a TCS client's program at a rehabilitation center.

As of March 31, 2019, the Company has applied for 4,596 patents cumulatively. Till date the Company has been granted 946 patents.

Future Plan of Action

Business 4.0 and its enabling technologies, digital reimagination of industry and society, and industrialization of software and computing will continue to be the focus of TCS R&I. Engagement with all its businesses, with its Co-Innovation Network, and with society at large will continue.

Expenditure on R&D

TCS Innovation Labs are located in India and other parts of the world. These R&D centers, as certified by Department of Scientific & Industrial Research (DSIR) function from Pune, Chennai, Bengaluru, Delhi- NCR, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Mumbai.

Expenditure incurred in the R&D centers and innovation centers during FY 2019 and FY 2018 are given below:

(' crore)

Expenditure on R&D and innovation



FY 2019 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2018
a. Capital 2 - 2 -
b. Recurring 303 295 306 298
c. Total R&D expenditure (a+b) 305 295 308 298
d. Innovation center expenditure 1,285 1,079 1,352 1,202
e. Total R&D and innovation expenditure (c+d) 1,590 1,374 1,660 1,500
f. R&D and innovation expenditure as a percentage of total turnover 1.3% 1.4% 1.1% 1.2%

Foreign exchange earnings and outgo

Export revenue constituted 93.3 percent of the total unconsolidated revenue in FY 2019 (92.2 percent in FY 2018).

(' crore)

Foreign exchange earnings and outgo FY 2019 FY 2018
a. Foreign exchange earnings 119,499 92,258
b. CIF Value of imports 447 768
c. Expenditure in foreign currency 49,336 33,014

28. Acknowledgments

The Directors thank the Company's employees, customers, vendors, investors and academic partners for their continuous support.

The Directors also thank the Government of India, Governments of various states in India, Governments of various countries and concerned Government departments and agencies for their co-operation.

The Directors appreciate and value the contribution made by every member of the TCS family.

On behalf of the Board of Directors N Chandrasekaran

Mumbai, April 12, 2019 Chairman

Form No. AOC-2

(Pursuant to clause (h) of sub-section (3) of section 134 of the Companies Act, 2013 and Rule 8(2) of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014)

Form for disclosure of particulars of contracts or arrangements entered into by the Company with related parties referred to in sub-section (1) of section 188 of the Companies Act, 2013 including certain arm's length transactions under fourth proviso thereto:

1. Details of contracts or arrangements or transactions not at arm's length basis: Tata Consultancy Services Limited (the Company) has not entered into any contract/arrangement/transaction with its related parties, which is not in ordinary course of business or at arm's length during FY 2019. The Company has laid down policies and processes/ procedures so as to ensure compliance to the subject section in the Companies Act, 2013 (Act) and the corresponding Rules. In addition, the process goes through internal and external checking, followed by quarterly reporting to the Audit Committee.

(a) Name(s) of the related party and nature of relationship: Not Applicable

(b) Nature of contracts/arrangements/transactions: Not Applicable

(c) Duration of the contracts/arrangements/transactions: Not Applicable

(d) Salient terms of the contracts or arrangements or transactions including the value, if any: Not Applicable

(e) Justification for entering into such contracts or arrangements or transactions: Not Applicable

(f) Date(s) of approval by the Board: Not Applicable

(g) Amount paid as advances, if any: Not Applicable

(h) Date on which the special resolution was passed in general meeting as required under first proviso to Section 188: Not Applicable

2. Details of material contracts or arrangement or transactions at arm's length basis:

(a) Name(s) of the related party and nature of relationship: Not Applicable

(b) Nature of contracts/arrangements/transactions: Not Applicable

(c) Duration of the contracts/arrangements/transactions: Not Applicable

(d) Salient terms of the contracts or arrangements or transactions including the value, if any: Not Applicable

(e) Date(s) of approval by the Board, if any: Not Applicable

(f) Amount paid as advances, if any: None

Note: All related party transactions are benchmarked for arm's length, approved by Audit Committee and reviewed by Statutory Auditors. The above disclosures on material transactions are based on threshold of 10 percent of consolidated turnover and considering wholly owned subsidiaries are exempt for the purpose of Section 188(1) of the Act.

On behalf of the Board of Directors N Chandrasekaran

Mumbai, April 12, 2019 Chairman

Annual Report on CSR Activities

A brief outline of the Company's Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy, including overview of projects or programs proposed to be undertaken and a reference to the web-link to the CSR policy and projects or programs:

The guiding principle of TCS' CSR programs is "Impact through Empowerment". Empowerment results in enabling people to lead a better life. The Company's focus areas are Education and Skill Development, Health and Wellness and Environmental Sustainability. In addition, the Company has been supporting the restoration of heritage sites as well as participating in relief operations during natural disasters.

The Company's participation focuses on operations where it can contribute meaningfully either through employee volunteering or by using core competency which develops solutions. In addition, for key engagements, it also partners with other Tata entities, NGOs, Government and clients.

The communities that the Company chooses are economically backward, and consist of marginalized groups (like women, children and aged) and differently abled. In addition, the Affirmative Action programs of the Company in India are directed towards SC/ST communities as defined by the Government of India.

The projects undertaken are within the broad framework of Schedule VII of the Companies Act, 2013. Details of the CSR policy and projects or programs undertaken by the Company are available on links given below:

1. The composition of the CSR committee: The Company has a CSR committee of directors comprising N Chandrasekaran, Chairman of the Committee, O P Bhatt, Rajesh Gopinathan and Aarthi Subramanian.

2. Average net profit of the company for last three financial years for the purpose of computation of CSR:

'27,078 crore.

3. Prescribed CSR Expenditure (two per cent of the amount as in item 2 above): '542 crore.

4. Details of CSR spent during the financial year:

a. Total amount to be spent for the financial year: '542 crore

b. Amount unspent: '108 crore

Company spends amount on projects keeping in mind sustainability, impact on the desired recipients,and efficacy of implementing agencies. Considering the multi year projects, total amount to be spent and the extent of due diligence to be performed, the Company is focusing on select projects to ensure maximum impact to society. The Company also spends actively in various communities and on social initiatives in the countries it operates in. These expenditures, while in the nature of CSR spend, do not qualify under Section 135 of the Companies Act 2013. The total CSR spend of the Company for FY 2019 including both the nature of expenses is '527 crore.

c. Manner in which the amount spent during the financial year: Annexed

5. In case the company has failed to spend the two per cent of the average net profit of the last three financial years or any part thereof, the company shall provide the reasons for not spending the amount in its Board report.

Please refer to item no. 4(b) above.

6. A responsibility statement of the CSR committee that the implementation and monitoring of CSR policy, is in compliance with CSR objectives and policy of the Company.

We hereby declare that implementation and monitoring of the CSR policy are in compliance with CSR objectives and CSR policy of the Company.

Rajesh Gopinathan N Chandrasekaran

Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director Chairman, Corporate Social Responsibility Committee

Mumbai, April 12, 2019

4 (c) Manner in which amount spent during the financial year is detailed below:

(' crore)

Sr. CSR Project or No. Activity identified Sector in which project is covered Projects or programs (1) Local area or other

(2) Specify the State and district where projects or programs was undertaken

Amount Outlay (budget) project or program wise Amount spent on the projects or program Subheads : (1) Direct Expenditure

(2) Overheads

Cumulative Expenditure up to the reporting period Amount Spent : Direct or through implementing agency
1 Training and

educating children, women, elderly, differently abled, scholarships, special education and increasing employability

Promoting education, including special education and employment enhancing vocation skills especially among children, women, elderly, and the differently abled and livelihood enhancement projects, measures for reducing inequalities faced by socially and economically backward groups Pan India 314 36 283 Through



2 Disaster Relief, technical support for Hospitals including Cancer Institutes, promoting hygenic sanitation. Eradicating hunger, poverty and malnutrition, promoting preventive health care and sanitation including contribution to the Swach Bharat Kosh set-up by the Central Government for the promotion of sanitation and making available safe drinking water Pan India 677 296 606 Through



3 Water conservation through desilting, repair and maintenance of lakes,watershed restoration for sustainability and flood protection Ensuring environmental sustainability, ecological balance, protection of flora and fauna, animal welfare, agroforestry, conservation of natural resources and maintaining quality of soil, air and water including contribution to the Clean Ganga Fund set-up by the Central Government for rejuvenation of river Ganga Pan India 16 3 5 Direct
4 Contribution to TCS Foundation Various sectors covered by Schedule VII of the Companies Act, 2013 Pan India 584 92 582 Through



Sub-total 1,591 427 1,476
Overheads for various CSR initiatives 7
Total CSR Spend 434


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